General Information
Types of international protection

According to the Law on Asylum and Refugees, Bulgaria provides two types of international protection:

Refugee Status

Upon receipt of refugee status, you receive:
A refugee card valid for 5 years.

You can also request a travel document abroad.


If you receive refugee status, you have the rights and obligations of a Bulgarian citizen, with the exception of:

Participation in national and municipal elections, as well as in national and regional referendums.

  • Participation in the establishment of political parties and membership in such parties.
  • Occupying positions for which Bulgarian citizenship is required by law.
  • Serve in the army.
  • Other restrictions expressly provided for by law.
Humanitarian status

Upon receiving humanitarian status, you have the rights and obligations of a foreigner with a permanent residence permit in Bulgaria. These include the right to:

  • Employment without special permission
  • Education in public schools and universities
  • Family reunification
  • Bulgarian citizenship after 5 years
  • Travelling abroad

Beneficiaries of refugee or humanitarian status have the right for family reunification.


Compass for refugees
Ask your question